Manuscript Preparation Guidelines


The research paper should contain the main results of the author’s research. The minimum size of the paper is 20,000 characters with spaces; the maximum size should not exceed 40,000 characters with spaces.

The research article has two objectives:

- to convey the basic ideas of the author to a wider audience so that the reader can understand the key findings of the researcher;

- to provide a detailed account of the results so that experts and professionals have been able to understand them, to double-check, to develop and apply.



- Branch of science (journal section).

- Code: UDK and BBK (consult the editor-in chief for assistance).

- Initials, author’s surname (in Russian and English). The number of co-authors should not exceed 5 persons. If there is more than one author, the name of the main author should be given first. There should be information on the author’s contribution in Russian and English (one sentence long).

- Institutional affiliation, institution street address including city, postal code, country (in Russian and English).

- Title of the paper in Russian (lowcase letters only) and English (in title capitalization the first and last words and all nouns, pronouns, adjectives, verbs, adverbs, verbs, and subordinate conjunctions (if, because, as, that, etc.) are capitalized).

-  Abstract ( 200  words, see Part 3).

-  Key words or word combinations (5-7) separated by a comma (in Russian and English).

- The body text of the paper with references to the works cited.

- References arranged in alphabetical order and continuously numbered. References in foreign languages should follow references in Russian. References should include 5 – 35 works cited. 


Sample of the paper’s submission (one author)


Nikolay Nikolaevich Nikolaev,

Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor

Irkutsk State University

(1 Karl Marx Str., Irkutsk, 664003, Russia)



This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 94-02-04253a.







Sample of the paper’s submission (more than one author)


Olga Aleksandrovna Aleksandrova,

Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor

East Siberian State Academy of Education

(6 Nizhnyaya Naberezhnaya Str., Irkutsk, 664011, Russia)


 Nikolay Nikolaevich Nikolaev, 

Candidate of Pedagogy, Associate Professor

Irkutsk State University

(1 Karl Marx Str., Irkutsk, 664003, Russia)



This work was supported by the Russian Foundation for Basic Research, project no. 94-02-04253a.











1. Introduction

Includes the purpose of the research and its relation to previous work in the field.

Gives any necessary background information.

■ Gives aims and objectives of the research and describes its practical application.

Includes some key terms.

2. Methods and materials

Provides a description of material, equipment and methods used in the research.

States the hypothesis.

■ Methods and approaches suggested for the first time should be mentioned.

3. Formulation of the problem. Degree of subject development (provides a review of pertinent literature)

■ Theoretical basis of research;

■ Empirical basis of research;

■ Analysis of contradictions in previous results .

4. Experimental part (the main part of the research)

■ Analysis, synthesis and explanation of data, comparison of data, explanation of theories.

■ Relevant findings of the study.

5. Results, discussion and conclusions

■ Answers to the questions from Introduction:

Conclusions to be drawn from the results;

Conclusions about the hypothesis;

Implications of the research and results;

■ Additional research proposed.




An abstract should provide the context or background for the study and should state the study’s purposes, basic procedures (methods), main findings, and principal conclusions. It is a brief overview of the paper. It should emphasize new and important aspects of the research.

An abstract should be:

concise ( 200 words);

informative (no general words);

relevant (reflects the paper’s key content and research findings);

structured (follows the logics of results’ presentation in the paper).

An abstract should include the following:

- a statement of the object and purpose of the study;

- research methods/methodology (if necessary);

- research results;

- the results’ sphere of application;

- conclusions.

An abstract should include new results and factual information, long-term impact data, important discoveries and important findings that contradict previous theories as well as data that you think have practical value.

Information contained in the title should not be repeated in the abstract. You should avoid historic references (unless they are part of the key content of the paper), description of previously published papers and well-known facts in your abstract.

Language and style. The present and present perfect tenses in passive voice are generally preferred in abstracts. You should use the language typical of research and technical documents to compile your abstract and avoid complex grammatical constructions.

Language of the abstract should be easy and clear for the wide commonwealth of scientists working in the same field. Generally accepted terms are recommended tobe used.

Use International System (SI) units of measure. It is allowed to use an original unit of measure in parentheses following the SI unit of measure.



1. Conciseness. It is necessary to disclose the main idea in the shortest way. It is important to use the minimum set of means (concepts, signs, and explanations) sufficient enough to be understood.

2. Easiness and consistency of using designations. The system of designations has to be simple, not overloaded and shouldn't change.

3. Structuring. The main body of the paper should be structured including sections. Each section has to solve a separate problem.

4. Logic of statements. Cause-effect relation should be used. Articles need to be a seamless whole: ideas presented smoothly in logical order.

The paper shouldn’t include groundless repetitions, unclear and inaccurate phrases, uncertainties and unproved judgments. The text should be rather convincing, it shouldn’t include excessive compositional elements.

5. Accuracy in meaning transfer. An author should have a good proficiency in both scientific and literary language. He/she has a freedom of choice in using concepts and definitions to make his/her statements clear and easy.

6. Adequate use of references. All papers should include the references. All citations, numbers and facts taken from the literary works, researchers’ points of view, methods used have to be cited.

It is important to mention that the article shouldn’t be overburdened by citations. Reasonable use of methodological and theoretical literature shows the author’s competence and ability to balance between using citations and his/her own statements. 





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